After giving argha to the emerging solar, Chhath is over

October 25, Birgunj. The four-day festival of Chhath is over after offering argha to the rising sun on Thursday morning.

On Wednesday, the vratals who gave argha to the setting sun have given argha to the rising sun in the morning. At the same time, the joy of the great festival of the Tarai people, which has increased human interest in truth and non-violence and motivated them to be sympathetic towards all living beings, is now over.

For the Chhath, known as the festival of worshiping nature, the Vratals reach the rivers, streams and ponds at Chhathghat before dawn.

The male members of the household carry the daura (basket full of worship materials and offerings) to Chhathghat.

On the second day, in the evening, after eating a handful of alino rasiyav roti, the vratals fast. According to Uma Shankar Dwivedi, president of Bhojpuri Pratisthan and a cultural expert, the male members used to show respect and love towards Vratalu women.

According to the culturologist Dwivedi, Vratalu, who has given a drink to the setting sun, goes home and fills Koshi according to his vows.

Even if only one or two members of the fasting family live, all the members of the family participate in the process of filling the koshi. “Not everyone is able to go to the pier, but it is customary for all family members to bow down when the koshi is full,” said Dwivedi.

After reaching Chhatghat in the morning, they worship at Shirshopta. The Chhath festival is formally concluded by offering argha to the rising sun. The fourth and last day of Chhath is called ‘Bihaniya’ or ‘Bhore Ghat’ in Bhojpuri language.

After returning home from Chhatghat, worship is performed in the surrounding temples according to the custom of dug wells. Vratalu bows to a person more respected than himself and receives blessings and blesses the younger ones. After that, it is customary to break the fast by eating ginger, sweets and hot water.

Rivers, ponds and reservoirs are decorated for the Chhath festival which is celebrated with special rules and fidelity. In Chhath Puja, a thakuva is made from wheat or rice flour to offer pooja and argha to Surya Bhagwan and Chhathi Mata. Flowers like radish with leaves, ginger and turmeric, green berna, jamir, coconut, orange, banana, apple, panisinga, suthani, ukhul and other flowers are also offered to Surya Bhagwan and Chhathi. There has been a religious belief that fasting on Chhath festival brings liberation from sorrow and poverty as well as happiness of children.

Ghadiarwa Pond, Swimming Pool, Nagwa Pond, Murli, Chhapkaiya, Ramgarhwa, Tejarath Toll, Sugar Mill Habitat Area, Pipra, Parwanipur, Sukhchaina and other ponds of rural areas of Birgunj have a special glow. Chhath festival is also celebrated in Chait. Some people fast on Chhath after fulfilling their vows, while others worship Chhath mother and sun to fulfill their desires.

The importance of sun worship

Even in the modern age, the sun is important as a source of alternative energy. Humans need every day of the sun and yam. Ancient and modern medical systems argue that the sun’s rays are important in treating difficult diseases and destroying harmful germs. Sun worship is also given a special place in yoga and meditation system. Doctors say that you get vitamin D from the rising sun’s rays on your body.

At a time when divisions in the name of different religions, castes and communities are on the rise, the worship of the sun standing in one place conveys the message of unity. The sun was also worshiped in West Asia, ancient Greece, Egypt, and the Babylonian civilization (now part of Iraq). There are Sun-Apollo temples in neighboring India and in many parts of the world. Chhath festival is also celebrated in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Jharkhand of India.

How did Chhath start?

According to culturologists, the daughter of Bramhaki Mansi, born from the sixth dynasty of nature, is known as Shashtidevi. Swami Kartikeya’s wife is believed to be the sixth mother.

The goddess who gives birth and takes care of the child is known as the sixth mother. The same goddess is worshiped along with the sun in Chhath. He does not have an idol, so there is a tradition of making a head covering in Chhathghat and worshiping it by placing offerings around it.

There are various legends about the beginning of Chhath. According to the historical mythology, the Mahabharata, five Pandavas, including Draupadi, prayed to the Sun God to make the Guptavas a success while living in obscurity. At that time they were working in the court of the great Pandava king. It is said that the tradition of celebrating Chhath started from that time.

On the other hand, according to the Surya Purana, the first to fast on Chhath was Anusuya, the wife of Atrimuni. As a result, she gained lasting happiness and love. It is believed that the tradition of celebrating ‘Chhath Parva’ for lasting happiness, happiness and peace of family and love of husband has started from that time.

Similarly, in the Samba Purana, it is said that Samva, who was afflicted with leprosy due to the curse of Father Krishna and Maharshi Durvasa, became cured of the disease as a result of worshiping the Sun. There is a religious belief that offering a bunch of fruits pleases the sun god and is good for Vratalu’s family and relatives. There is also a belief that skin disease will not be contracted if the sun is worshiped properly during the Kattik Shukla Paksha. Due to this, the popularity of Chhath is increasing.

There is a belief that if one fasts on Chhath festival, one will be liberated from sorrow and poverty and children will be happy. It is also customary for those who are unable to fast on Chhath to offer Argha from another. Some celebrate by begging. Chhath, which was celebrated in a limited area of ​​the Terai before 1946 BS, has now taken on a national character.

Vratals in Birgunj drinking the rising sun. Photo: Suresh Bidari.

Vratals giving drink to the rising sun in Biratnagar. Photo: Hari Adhikari / Online News


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