Nepal’s presence on the local weather convention and the heat proven via the arena group


Bhishmaraj Ojha

Kathmandu, October 9: Prime Minister Sher Bahadur Deuba’s high honors in the United Kingdom (UK) during the World Leaders Summit under the International Conference on Climate Change, his meetings with the leaders of the world’s most powerful nations and his clear stance on behalf of the country have led to great achievements in Nepal’s diplomatic and foreign relations.

Analysts say that the high-level sideline talks held during the conference, the confidence and mature demeanor shown by Prime Minister Deuba, as well as Nepal’s extensive preparations for the conference, have succeeded in drawing Nepal’s attention to the world. It is also felt that this has further enhanced the international image of the country.

Prime Minister Deuba visited the United Kingdom from 12 to 18 November in Glasgow, Scotland to attend the 26th Summit of World Leaders under the 26th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP-26). He seems to have used this multilateral international conference as a platform for Nepal to present its views to the world.

On the first day of the World Leaders’ Summit on November 15 and 16, Prime Minister Deuba met with various international dignitaries, including the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Boris Johnson, the President of the United States Joe Biden, and the Secretary-General of the United Nations Antonio Guterres. The importance he received in the meeting is a matter of pride for the country. On the same day, Prime Minister Deuba addressed the conference on behalf of Nepal.

The importance given to Nepal and the Prime Minister of Nepal by the international community and especially the host nation UK was of special importance in the climate conference. It is also an honor for Nepal to invite the Prime Minister of Nepal to a ‘Breakfast Meeting’ organized by the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Johnson and the Head of Government of Scotland for the Heads of State and Government of a limited number of countries (21 countries).

On the occasion, Prime Minister Johnson placed Nepal on the stage as a panelist. Addressing the high-level program on forest and land use management as a distinguished panelist, Prime Minister Deuba expressed the view that Nepal has an interest in the voluntary carbon market and forest tools to reduce emissions. At the conference, Nepal stated that Nepal is a nation suffering from climate change, while the world community also acknowledged that Nepal has made efforts on behalf of the government and the people to combat the effects of climate change.

The courtesy and bilateral meeting of the four British ministers with Prime Minister Deuba can also be seen as an importance given by the host nation, the United Kingdom. Prime Minister Deuba had bilateral meetings with Ben Wallace, Minister of Defense of the United Kingdom, Anne-Marie Trevelyan, Minister of International Trade, Lord Ahmed, Minister of State for South Asia, and Paul Scully, Minister of State for Small Business and Industries.

He had a cordial meeting with Defense Minister Wallace and had a serious discussion on the issue of ex-Gurkha soldiers. Prime Minister Deuba also said that the issue of British Gurkha was old and urged for a lasting solution. During the talks, it was agreed to resolve the issue by forming a bilateral negotiating committee.

Invitation to British Prime Minister Johnson to visit Nepal

Prime Minister Deuba has invited his British counterpart Boris Johnson to visit Nepal. Minister Wallace is considered a confidant of Prime Minister Johnson. During the meeting with the Minister of International Trade, Trevelyan, the Prime Minister urged Nepal to be involved in the trade with the United Kingdom and also talked about increasing the trade capacity of Nepal and giving easy access to Nepali products to the United Kingdom.

Another important event for the UK is an all-party parliamentary group hosting a dinner in honor of Prime Minister Deuba. It was also attended by members of both the House of Commons and the House of Lords, as well as a dozen MPs from the ruling and main opposition parties and heads of local governments. It can be said that the Prime Minister of Nepal and the British Parliament have high respect for the parliamentary development of Nepal.

Coincidentally, Prime Minister Deuba received his higher education from the United Kingdom. A person with a higher education in his home country can be considered as the Prime Minister of Nepal visiting the same country for the fifth time.

Likewise, the reception hosted by Scottish ministers and parliamentarians in honor of Prime Minister Deuba at the Royal Botanical Gardens in Scotland is unforgettable. Another important point is that Prime Minister Deuba became the first Prime Minister to plant saplings in a Nepali garden there. What is memorable here is that the relationship between Nepal and the United Kingdom can be said to have started from vegetation. Francis Buchanan Hamilton, a British citizen, studied the flora of Nepal 216 years ago and published a book on Sobare. It has been 205 years since the establishment of diplomatic relations between Nepal and the United Kingdom. It is seen that the then King Mahendra also planted saplings in the garden during his visit to UK in 2017 BS. After the visit of King Mahendra to the United Kingdom, a botanical garden was established at Godavari in Kathmandu with the help of the United Kingdom.

Historic meeting with Indian counterpart Modi

The meetings held by Prime Minister Deuba on the sidelines of the Climate Summit are equally important. On the same occasion, Prime Minister Deuba’s bilateral meeting with his Indian counterpart Narendra Modi could be an important diplomatic achievement after the formation of the current government. Indian Foreign Minister S Jayashankar, National Security Advisor Ajit Doble and Foreign Secretary Harsh Vardhan Shringala were also present at the meeting with Prime Minister Modi.

In a cordial meeting with Prime Minister Modi, Prime Minister Modi said that he was ready for mutual assistance after listening to Prime Minister Deuba. There was talk of resolving bilateral issues through discussion. He also had bilateral meetings with Sri Lankan President Gotabay Rajapaksa and Mongolian President Ukhna Khurelsukhd. The presidents of Honduras and Suriname also had a sideline meeting with Prime Minister Deuba.

Kitak Lim, Secretary General of the International Maritime Organization, also paid a courtesy call on Prime Minister Deuba and talked about the possibility of providing new employment opportunities to Nepalis in the maritime sector. Mari Pangestu, Managing Director of the World Bank Group, had a meeting with Prime Minister Deuba and discussed issues including green development, climate change and assistance to Nepal in preventing COVID-19. Similarly, Alexia Latortu, Deputy CEO of Millennium Challenge Corporation 9MCC met Prime Minister Deuba and discussed about the MCC compact grant provided to Nepal.

While in the UK, Prime Minister Deuba was met by representatives of the UK-Nepal Society, the Non-Resident Nepali Association and representatives of the Nepali community living in the UK. In his honor, Prime Minister Deuba attended a reception hosted by the Nepalese Embassy in London. He also met representatives of the former Gurkha organization, members of the British Parliament and other Nepali expatriates.

The conference was seen by Nepal as an important opportunity for international coordination and cooperation to address the challenges of climate change. Accordingly, on the eve of the conference, Nepal had adopted the important action plan ‘Nepal’s National Adaptation Plan 92021-20500’, ‘Nepal’s Long-Term Strategy in Own Zero Emissions’ and ‘National Framework for Climate Damage’. The policy document and action plan have been presented at the conference with high priority for coordination, cooperation, knowledge and skill exchange with the international community. In addition, the Ministry of Forest and Environment has formed 10 teams including experts in the field and prepared a concept paper of Nepal based on the suggestions received from them and presented it in the conference. रासस





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