It’s not simple for a communist to forestall the sky-world

7 Dec, Kathmandu. Gagan Thapa, who termed the 10th National General Convention of the CPN-UML, which ended on December 29, as ‘Olivation’, was elected General Secretary of the Nepali Congress. After being elected General Secretary with a resounding vote from the 14th General Convention held in Kathmandu, Thapa said, “The General Convention was held in the Congress. Even the incumbent Prime Minister had to join hands and come to the streets to ask for votes from every representative.

Thapa won with 3,023 votes and Bishwaprakash Sharma with 1,984 votes. Opposition leaders (especially the youth) did not hesitate to congratulate Thapa and Sharma on their victory. ‘Congress representatives have sent the youth to the leadership using discretion. This is not only a handover of leadership, but also a reflection of the need for a generational transition and a series of events, “said Himal Sharma, leader of the Maoist center.

A 62-year-old and experienced leader, Dr. With Thapa and Sharma elected after Prakash Sharan Mahat, the Congress General Convention is being watched with interest in national politics. Thapa, 45, and Sharma, 51, have been re-elected to the post of chairman. UML central member Rachna Khadka says, “Which party is led by which generation makes sense.” This was the practice of UML in previous general conventions.

In Nepal’s political transformation, small and big political changes have taken place since the youth leadership. Therefore, it is not easy for the fragmented communist parties to stop the impact of this change in the Congress.

But this time, the old leadership and leaders were repeated in important positions of the UML. Explaining the 70-year age limit, Oli said, “I have not crossed 70 years of age.” And the general convention was held in November. If the convention had been held after Fagun, Oli would not have been able to repeat it. Ishwar Pokharel was elected as the senior vice president. Pokharel, 68, has been in the central leadership since 1933 BS. The 6 vice-presidents also have leaders between the ages of 60 and 70.

No one competed for the post of secretary general with Shankar Pokharel, who won the secretary post from the eighth general convention and was defeated in the ninth general convention. “There was controlled competition. Apart from the list announced by Chairman Comrade, there is no possibility of competition ‘, says a leader of UML. Pokharel, who was announced by Oli and became the unopposed secretary general, has reached 57 years of age. That is, Pokhrel is 12 years older than Congress General Secretary Thapa.

It is natural to compare the leadership selection process and the elected leadership adopted by the UML and the Congress, which are the main rivals in the post-2048 election. The comparison was also made because the UML claims to be ahead of other parties in democratic practice and has youth leadership. However, this time the UML was criticized in the General Convention process. Because in the closed session hall, Oli announced the central leadership and voted to complete the process.

Through the democratic process, inclusive office bearers including youth leadership were elected to the post of chief executive in the Congress. When Purna Khadka and Dhanraj Gurung were elected vice-presidents, eight joint general ministers were elected in accordance with the provisions of the constitution. Old and experienced leaders like Arjun Narasimha KC, Bal Bahadur KC, Bal Krishna Khan, NP Saud, Shashank Koirala only became central members.

Among the 19-member UML office bearers, except Ram Bahadur Thapa, Ashtalakshmi Shakya, Subash Nemwang, Prithvi Subba Gurung, Chhavilal Bishwakarma and Raghubir Mahaseth, all the leaders came from the same community. Moreover, leaders of Madhesi and Dalit communities have become office bearers for the first time. The UML was under pressure after the Congress provided inclusive office bearers in the legislature.

On the other hand, Ghanshyam Bhusal lost to UML when Bishwaprakash Sharma won the post of Congress General Secretary. Bhusal, who was not included in Oli’s list, got only 750 votes for the post of vice-president. While Bhusal is the proponent and presenter of the political program approved by the Ninth General Convention and continued by the 10th General Convention. Sharma, on the other hand, easily won by fielding a candidate from Prakashman Singh’s weak panel. Deuba and Dr. In the Shekhar Koirala faction contest, Singh got only 371 votes.

The other third largest party, the CPN-Maoist Center, is also close to the National Conference. However, it is almost certain that Pushpa Kamal Dahal Prachanda (67 years old), who has been in the leadership for 34 years, will be re-elected. Moreover, with Janardan Sharma (58), a leader with strong influence within the party, advocating for Prachandapath, it is difficult to predict a new generation of leaders.

Central member Himal Sharma, on the other hand, said that the Congress General Convention could have an impact on the Maoists. “Even at the Maoist center, we have started giving the cadres the opportunity to select the leadership through the open election process. We want the central leadership to be selected from the cadres, ‘he says. After the generation that emerged from the people’s movement of 2063 BS came under the leadership of the Congress, its general effect has been seen in the Maoist center. On Monday night alone, the leadership of Bagmati Pradesh was selected through voting. The Maoists have a tendency to become leaders by nominating the central leadership without voting.

The original leadership of other parties also has old and tested leaders. Madhav Kumar Nepal, chairman of the CPN (Unified Socialists) formed on August 20, had led the UML for 14 years. Nepal, who has been in the central leadership since 2032 BS, turned 68 years old and led the government for 23 months in 2066 BS. Rajendra Rai and Ram Kumari Jhankri, contemporaries of Bishwaprakash Sharma and Gagan Thapa, are secretaries of the Unified Socialists. But the general secretary is 68-year-old Dr. Beduram Bhushal.

Janata Samajwadi Party (JSP) Chairman Upendra Yadav (60) has been in the leadership continuously for 14 years. The new generation is not decisive in this party which has old leaders like Baburam Bhattarai and Ashok Rai. In other words, the presence of Thapa and Sharma in the Congress leadership is meaningful in contemporary national politics, it has been estimated accordingly.

Always youthful charm

In politics, youth is not the qualification in itself, agenda and program is the main thing. But in Nepal’s political transformation, small and big political changes have taken place since the youth leadership. Therefore, it is not easy for the fragmented communist parties to stop the impact of this change in the Congress.

BP Koirala was 36 years old in 2007 when he was leading the movement to end the Rana rule. He was 32 years old when the Congress was formed. BP was only 40 years old when he led the Congress, which won two-thirds of the seats in the 2015 general election.

“We are divided. In such a situation, the influx of youths under the leadership of the Congress has increased the attraction, ‘says a standing committee member of the UML.

But when King Mahendra started Panchayat, the parties were banned. As the Congress continued to fight against the Panchayat, the attraction of the younger generation to the party grew. CP Mainali was 32 years old when he became the General Secretary of CPN-Malay. After CP, Jhala Nath Khanal was 32 years old when he became the general secretary of Mal in 2039 BS. After Khanal, Madan Bhandari was 35 years old when he came to lead the party. Under Bhandari’s leadership, the UML was formed by uniting the Maoists and the Marxists. While the Panchayat was coming to an end through the people’s movement including the United Left Front and the Congress, Madan was the leader of the UML.

Madan was 38 years old when he was writing the party’s political program People’s Multiparty Democracy (JABJ) at the fifth general convention of 2048 BS. After Madan’s death, Madhav Nepal was 40 years old when he led the UML. Madhav was 22 years young when the founder of the Coordination Center (Coke) reached the central leadership. Under Nepal’s leadership, UML became the first political force in 2051 BS. When Manmohan Adhikari led the first communist government in South Asia, there were leaders in the cabinet for almost 40 years.

Pushpa Kamal Dahal Prachanda was 41 years old when he announced the armed movement in 1952 BS. He reached the party leadership at the age of 33. “We were all young people during the People’s War,” says Sharma. Baburam Bhattarai was also Prachanda’s age. The Maoist armed insurgency returned to peaceful competition after the end of the monarchy in 2062 BS. As the Maoists became the first party in the 2064 Constituent Assembly election, Prachanda was 54 years old when he became the Prime Minister.

Upendra Yadav was also young when he was emerging in the national politics from the Madhes movement of 2006/07. Yadav was 45 years old when he led the Madhesi Janadhikar Forum expressing disagreement with the Interim Constitution. Under Yadav’s leadership, the Forum became a national political force, winning 52 seats in the 2064 Constituent Assembly elections.

After 2063 BS, the old political power and those same leaders are in the lead. KP Sharma Oli, who was the Home Minister in the 2051 government, came to the party leadership after 2071 BS. He was 63 years old when he was the party chief and 70 years old when he was re-elected as the party president. Jhala Nath Khanal was 58 years old when he led the party again in 2065 BS. Even in the Congress, the leadership changed after 63 years. From the 12th General Convention of 2067 BS, Sushil Koirala became the President. He was 72 years old at the time. Koirala died in 2072 BS before the 13th General Convention.

Sher Bahadur Deuba was elected president from the 13th general convention held in the same year. Deuba was 72 years old at that time. Deuba is 77 years old when he is re-elected from the 14th General Convention. The leadership of the Maoist center and the JSP has not changed. That is, all political parties are led by older leaders. That is why the arrival of Gagan and Vishwaprakash as the General Secretary of the Nepali Congress is being watched with interest.

Trial in the upcoming election

Congress general secretaries Gagan and Bishwaprakash will be tested from the next election. Both the leaders have made such an announcement before the General Convention. He is of the view that the youth should be attracted to make the Congress strong. That is to make the Congress better than the Communists. It is better to take a political program, agenda and stand than the now fragmented communist parties.

In the last election of 2074 BS, when the UML and the UCPN (M) formed an alliance, the votes of the Nepali Congress did not decrease. Out of 275 seats in the House of Representatives, the Left Alliance won 174 seats (UML 121 and UCPN (Maoist) 53) while the Congress was reduced to 63 seats. But the proportional vote of the Congress was only 45,000 less than that of the UML. While UML got 31 lakh 73 thousand 494 popular (proportional) votes, Congress got 31 lakh 28 thousand 389 votes. Due to the alliance, the Left Alliance won most of the seats directly and the Congress became weak. In the coming election, Gagan and Bishwaprakash will have to give the feeling that the facts of 2074 have changed.

The change in the leadership cannot be considered as a result of the general vote. However, in the post-2048 election, there is not much difference of opinion between Congress and UML. In the 2048 election, the Congress won 110 seats and got 2.74 million votes, while the UML, which won 69 seats, got 2.40 million votes. While the Congress won 74 out of 109 seats in the 2015 election, the Communist Party won four seats.

Three years later, the UML became the first party in the mid-term elections of 2051 BS. Out of 205, UML won 88 and Congress won 83 seats. But the popular vote of the Congress was almost two lakh more. While UML brought 23 lakh 52 thousand 601, Congress brought 25 lakh 45 thousand 27. After five years, the UML shrunk to 71 seats and got 2.728 million votes. The Congress, which won 111 seats, polled 3.214 million votes. In this election, UML was divided and Male got 5 lakh 67 votes. But none of the seats were won by Male.

In the first Constituent Assembly of 2064 BS, there was not much difference of opinion between the Congress and the UML. Congress got 2.348 million votes and UML got 2.229 million votes. The Maoists became the first force in this election. The Maoists won 120 seats in 240 constituencies. The popular vote (proportional) of the Maoists, who formed the government by winning 229 seats proportionally and directly, was 3.14 million. This is 29.28 percent.

After this, the Maoists are on a downward spiral. In the second Constituent Assembly election of 2070 BS, the Maoists got 1.69 million 145 votes (15.61 percent) and in the 2074 election they brought 1.51 million 760 (12 percent) votes. However, due to its alliance with the UML, the Congress won 36 seats directly and became the average power. The UML and the Nepali Congress did not differ much in the 2070 election. While the Congress got 24 lakh 18 thousand, the UML got 22 lakh 39 thousand popular votes.

But this time the Congress will have the natural advantage of the dissolution of the then Communist Party of Nepal (CPN) and the split of the UML. The Communist Party has disintegrated after the decision of KP Sharma Oli to dissolve the House of Representatives on December 20, 2008. The unity campaign of UML, Maoist Center, Unified Socialists and Bamdev Gautam exists.

From the UCPN (M), two members of the National Assembly, four members of the House of Representatives, nine members of the Provincial Assembly, 14 local level people’s representatives and 23 party central members have joined the UML. However, 55 central members, eight members of the National Assembly, 23 members of the House of Representatives, 53 members of the state assemblies and more than 1400 local level people’s representatives have left the UML and become united socialists. “We are divided. In such a situation, the influx of youths under the leadership of the Congress has increased the attraction, ‘says a standing committee member of the UML.



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